Sailing Vocabulary
Dictionary of Boating Terms
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Dictionary of Boating Sailing, Schooners, Naval, Ships, Boat and Seafaring Terms

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Beaufort wind scale

Beaufort wind scale- A method of measuring the severity of the force of wind, named after Admiral Beaufort who created the system. 0 is no wind, whereas 12 would be a hurricane.


1 Light Air Or just sufficient to give steerage way.            1 to 3 knots

2 Light Breeze Or that in which a man-of-war with all sail set, and clean full would go in smooth water from.

 

4 to 6 knots
3 Gentle Breeze 7 to 10 knots
4 Moderate Breeze 11 to 16 knots

5 Fresh Breeze
17-21 KNOTS
Or that to which a well-conditioned
man-of-war could just carry in chase, full and by.

 

Royals, &c.
6 Strong Breeze
22-27 Knots
Single-reefed topsails and top-gal. sail
7 Moderate Gale
28-33 Knots
Double reefed topsails, jib, &c.
8 Fresh Gale
34 to 40 Knots
Treble-reefed topsails &c.
9 Strong Gale
41 to 47Knots
Close-reefed topsails and courses.

10 Whole Gale Or that with which she could scarcely bear close-reefed main-topsail and reefed fore-sail.                                                        48 To 55 knots

11 Storm Or that which would reduce her to storm staysails.                   56 to63 knots  

12 Hurricane Or that which no canvas could withstand.                                  Over 63 knots
 
 


 
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